- research project presented at a regional residency conference
- medication use evaluation (MUE) presented at ASHP Midyear Meeting
- extended rotation series (ambulatory care clinics)
- presentation to medication use committee (formulary review and/or new protocol development and/or results of MUE)
- attendance at hospital morbidity and mortality monthly meetings (M&M)
- pharmacy Grand Rounds (attendance and presentations)
- attendance at pharmacy staff meetings and MUC
- pharmacy education (Pharmacy Grand Rounds, ACPE lecture, Learn & Grow in-services, dept. newsletter, and more)
- precept IPPE and APPE residents
- rotating chief resident appointment
- rotating code blue team participation
- clinical and operations staffing (every third weekend plus one afternoon every 4 weeks)
- teaching certificate program provided through Wayne State University Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
Professional meeting attendance
- Southeastern Michigan Society of Health System Pharmacists
- ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting
- Regional Residency Conference
The Pharmacy Administration rotation is a required learning experience for the PGY1 resident. This is a 4-week based rotation with some teaching elements applying to a 12 month longitudinal learning experience. The rotation will allow the resident to observe and participate in the most important pharmacy and hospital leadership, managerial, administrative and medication use safety activities performed at Beaumont Hospital of Dearborn and/ or Beaumont Health Pharmaceutical Services. The learning experiences will allow the resident to have a first had experience in committees, budgetary plans, strategic plans, quality assurance, creating and updating polices, along with optimizing clinical and operation services opportunities. Interdisciplinary committees are a significant part in pharmacy administration and medication use safety. Resident attendance and participation in many of these committees is required. The rotation will involve working with the Director of Pharmacy, pharmacy managers, pharmacy leads and/ or pharmacy specialists, depending on project assignments during the rotation.
The antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) rotation will provide the resident with the opportunity to learn about the management of an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP). The resident will work under the direction of a clinical pharmacy specialist and infectious diseases physician to identify and resolve anti-infective pharmacotherapy problems in high-risk patients. The resident will demonstrate proficiency in communication and interpersonal skills with other health care providers in the hospital setting. The resident will also exercise leadership skills, demonstrate project management skills, provide medication and practice-related education/training, and utilize medical informatics during the course of the rotation.
Four main components:
- cardiac intensive care rounds with a multidisciplinary team composed of intensive care physician, nurse practitioner, nurses, respiratory therapist, palliative care, and clinical dietitian. Patients would be worked up in a “head to toe” approach covering pharmacotherapy evaluation for multiple disease states
- academic cardiology consult team composed of the attending cardiologist, cardiology fellow, and medical residents. The focus will be on cardiovascular-related pharmacotherapy
- heart failure consults where patients at very high risk for HF re-admission are referred to the pharmacist for pharmacotherapy evaluation, medication optimization recommendations, and patient education
- post-acute-myocardial infarction consults where patients with acute MI are referred to the pharmacist for pharmacotherapy evaluation, medication optimization recommendations, and patient education
Drug information and quality
Upon successful completion of this rotation, the resident will demonstrate that he/she is competent and proficient in his/her ability to gain insight on the various roles of a pharmacist in the DI/ administrative arena, utilize drug information resources to answer questions, pharmacist involvement in medication safety and error reduction, monitoring and reporting of adverse events, the utilization of medication use criteria, participation in formulary review monograph preparation, and drug shortages management plans. The resident will exercise leadership skills, demonstrate project management skills, provide medication and practice-related education/training, and utilize medical informatics. The resident is expected to demonstrate effective communication, written and organization skills, responds well to constructive criticism, completes assignments on time, and shows ownership.
General medicine, critical care and cardiac stepdown
The resident on the cardiac and critical care step-down units rotation will gain experience in facilitating every aspect of the medication process. The resident is expected to take full responsibility of all medication related aspects on the unit, including assisting nurses in locating medications, clarifying any medications with providers, answering drug information questions, as well as educating patients regarding their medications. Additional responsibilities include operational activities (order verification, IV to PO conversion), and clinical activities ( pharmacokinetic consults, renal dosing, antimicrobial stewardship, medication profile reviews, patient education, and drug information questions).
HIV ambulatory care clinic
The HIV clinic longitudinal rotation will provide the resident the experience to work with an interdisciplinary team to monitor, educate and participate in selection of safe and effective HIV regimens for patients. The goal is to ensure no drug-drug interactions are present and to suppress the patients’ HIV viral load. The resident will be responsibilities for the following: participate in selection, implementation and chronic monitoring of HIV medications, monitor patient labs and medications to ensure compliance and access, educate and counsel patients, caregivers and other healthcare providers on medications, and provide recommendations to infectious disease providers for proper medication selection and dosing.
Internal medicine ambulatory care clinic
The Internal Medicine Clinic ambulatory care rotation will provide an opportunity for residents to use an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach to the delivery of patient care via face-to-face clinic visits and non-face-to-face efforts. The goal of the embedded pharmacist-led Pharmacotherapy Clinic is to promote positive health outcomes related to the use of medications. Residents on this rotation will be involved in patient care services including chronic disease state management, transitions of care management, and comprehensive medication management. Residents will establish relationships with clinic patients while learning how to enhance medication effectiveness, safety, adherence, education, and accessibility. On this rotation, residents will learn alongside medical residents, physicians, and other members of the interprofessional health care team.
Develop patient care skills and knowledge in oncology, including but not limited to patient work ups, pharmacy consults patient education, drug information questions, topic discussions, and assigned projects or presentations. Responsibilities may involve inpatient and Cancer Treatment Center (CTC).
Intensive Care Unit
The intensive care unit rotation will provide the resident with the opportunity to care for critically ill patients through a collective multidisciplinary approach. Residents will be responsible for working up patients in a head-to-toe fashion, assessing current therapy comprehensively, identifying any gaps or errors in care, and developing an individual care plan for each patient. During this rotation, residents will develop a hands-on approach to multidisciplinary interactions through discussion of care strategies as well as presenting evidence based care with a goal of providing the most effective and safe therapy. Residents will have the opportunity to further develop their knowledge of disease states through frequent resident-led topic and patient discussions. The intensive care unit serves as an environment which allows residents to establish an understanding of diverse disease states, the treatment of multiple complications at once, and multidisciplinary communication.
The internal medicine rotation is a required learning experience. Residents provide clinical pharmacy services to one of three teaching teams with patients of a wide range of acuity and complexity. The pharmacy resident is expected to conduct thorough medication histories, facilitate transitions of care, provide drug information services, and actively participate in daily teaching rounds and team assignments. Residents will gain hands-on experience interviewing, evaluating, and educating patients and families, creating drug therapy and monitoring plans, and communicating with numerous care providers. This rotation utilizes a layered learning model to facilitate the practical training of PGY1 residents, APPE students, as well as the occasional IPPE student.
This rotation aims to identify, develop, and implement safe medication practices as it relates to the inpatient setting. Activities involve review of reported medication errors and adverse drug events, participating in root causes analyses, presenting at the medication safety meeting, and projects related to medication safety.
Oncology ambulatory clinic
The oncology clinic rotation will provide the resident the experience to work as a part of a multidisciplinary team to provide optimal care to oncology patients. The resident will gain experience in the prevention and management of adverse effects associated with antineoplastic therapy, development of institutional guidelines for the management of antineoplastic therapy, education of patients and healthcare providers , hazardous sterile compounding, development and maintaining antineoplastic therapy electronic protocols.
General pediatrics is an elective 5 week learning experience. The resident will be assigned to a general pediatrics unit team (2 weeks), a NICU team (2 weeks) and a pediatric clinic (1 week) at various times through the rotation. Walking family-centered care rounds occur daily Monday through Friday with the attending physicians and nurse practitioners. The resident is responsible for monitoring patients pertaining to their service on designated weeks. The resident will identify and resolve medication therapy issues for patients and will work toward assuming care of assigned patients on the service throughout the learning experience. The resident will become proficient in pediatric and neonatal patient monitoring, while utilizing diagnostic and laboratory tests in patient therapy evaluations and the clinical use of serum drug concentrations. Emphasis will be placed on the resident demonstrating an understanding of common pediatric and neonatal disease states in hospitalized patients and the treatment of those diseases, as well as, appropriate follow-up care in the outpatient clinic setting. Good communication skills and interpersonal relationships will be essential in this practice setting. The resident will participate in several academic activities during the rotation. These activities include, but are not limited to, journal club; disease state topic discussions; patient presentations; and assisting with precepting and evaluating Doctor of Pharmacy students. The resident will also participate in protocol development, standardization and validation in this patient population, as well as, attend and participate in relevant meetings.
The goal of pharmacy informatics is to optimize pharmacy information systems including Pyxis, CII safe, Epic, Pharmogistics and Cardinal Express. The resident will gain experience in troubleshooting pharmacy technology which includes inventory management systems (Pyxis ES and Pharmogistics), pharmacy packaging software, and all activities related to medication barcode scanning, collaborate with the 8 hospitals of Beaumont health to optimize the electronic medical record (Epic) and standardize the formulary within a single instance of Epic, oversee inventory management, purchasing and operations to minimize waste, ensure 340b compliance, mitigate the effects of drug shortages, meet with drug reps and ensure the appropriate use of formulary restricted items, work with Clarity and Willow teams to design complex reports and queries in support of drug usage pattern analysis, inventory management, financial analysis, diversion monitoring, and ad hoc data reports to support the administrative team and work with clinical specialists to operationalize best practices, and improve financial stewardship.
Transitions of Care
The goal of the transitions of care pharmacy service is to improve every patient’s medication knowledge, self-management skills, and knowledge of the healthcare continuum to ensure that they are prepared to manage their diseases going forward. The resident is expected to gain experience in the following areas:
- manage drug-related problems for patients admitted to the academic internal medicine team
- perform medication histories, education, and post-discharge telephonic follow-up for patients deemed high risk for readmission
- work closely with outpatient pharmacy and the internal medicine physician group and develop programs to integrate pharmacy students into the medication reconciliation process