Breast cancer in men is rare - less than 1 percent of all breast carcinomas occur in men. Consider the latest statistics available from the American Cancer Society:
Risk factors may include the following:
Also, there are definite familial tendencies for developing breast cancer:
Infiltrating ductal cancer is the most common tumor type, but intraductal cancer, inflammatory carcinoma, and Paget's disease of the nipple have been described as well.
Lobular carcinoma in situ is rare in men.
The following are the most common symptoms of breast cancer in men. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of breast cancer may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Lymph node involvement and the hematogenous pattern of spread are similar to those found in female breast cancer. The staging system for male breast cancer is identical to the staging system for female breast cancer.
Prognostic factors that have been evaluated include the size of lesion and the presence or absence of lymph node involvement, both of which correlate well with prognosis.
Overall survival for men with breast cancer is similar to that of women with breast cancer. The impression that male breast cancer has a worse prognosis may stem from the tendency toward diagnosis at a later stage.
Specific treatment for male breast cancer will be determined by your physician based on:
The primary standard treatment is a modified radical mastectomy, just as it is with female breast cancer. Adjuvant therapy may be considered on the same basis as it is for a woman with breast cancer - since there is no evidence that prognosis is different for men or women.
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