Stress Tests

Stress tests can identify abnormal heart rates or blood pressures, heart rhythm irregularities and classify an individual's aerobic capacity. Stress tests are often used to determine a safe level of exercise for those who are recovering from a cardiac event, such as a heart attack or heart surgery. They can also help differentiate whether a woman's symptoms of palpitations, heart racing, shortness of breath or new onset of fatigue are stemming from blockages in the heart arteries rather than a simple manifestation of stress or anxiety. Stress tests are typically done walking on a treadmill, and can be done in conjunction with an ultrasound or nuclear scan to increase the accuracy of the results. 

The following are common tests:

  • Arm ergometer ("arms only" bicycle) stress test
  • Bicycle stress test
  • Dobutamine Stress Echo
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging (MPI) with Cardiolite or Dobutamine
  • Stress Myocardial Uptake Gated Analysis (MUGA) Study

Preparation for Stress Tests

The following are general guidelines to prepare for most types of stress testing:

  • Take your medications as regularly scheduled, unless your physician has instructed you otherwise. If you have a history of asthma, bring your inhalers with you.
  • Do not have ANY caffeine (coffee, tea, colas, chocolate, including all decaffeinated beverages) for 12 hours prior to your test.
  • Do not smoke the day of your test.
  • Do not eat solid food two hours prior to your scheduled test time. Diabetic patients may have a light snack or follow physician recommendations.
  • If you are scheduled for a treadmill stress test, wear flat, comfortable walking shoes and non-restrictive clothes. Women may want to wear a button-up blouse and should avoid dresses and pantyhose.
  • Bring a list of your current medications.

Always check with your ordering physician if he/she has any special instructions to be adhered to (such as withholding a medication the day of your test).