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A brain trauma can occur because of a medical reason such as a stroke, brain tumor, disease or from a traumatic incident such as a car accident, fall or assault. There are many brain functions that can be affected by a brain injury.
Common speech and language problems resulting from a brain trauma are:
It is a language disorder that causes problems with any or all of the following: speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
People with apraxia of speech know what words they want to say, but their brains have difficulty coordinating the muscle movements necessary to say those words. Sometimes they say the wrong words or sometimes they say nonsense words.
Cognition includes cognitive processes and systems (e.g., attention, perception, memory, organization, executive function). Areas of function affected by cognitive impairments include behavioral self-regulation, social interaction, activities of daily living, learning and academic performance and vocational performance.
The muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system may become weak, move slowly, or not move at all after a stroke or other brain injury.
Speech and language pathology services can be received along a continuum of care. These include: